· Olfactory nomenclature: an orchestrated effort to clarify terms and definitions of dysosmia, anosmia, hyposmia, normosmia, hyperosmia, olfactory intolerance, parosmia, and phantosmia / olfactory hallucination"

Hernandez AK, Landis BN, Altundag A, Fjaeldstad AW, et al.

ORL. 2023. Accepted.

· “Covid-19 affects taste independently of smell: results from a combined chemosensory home test and online survey from a global cohort (N= 10,953)" 

H Nguyen, J Albayay, R Hochenberger, … Fjaeldstad AW, et al.

MedRxiv, 2023. Jan 18:2023.01.16.23284630

· Test-retest reliability and validity of the Importance of Olfaction questionnaire in Denmark"

Konieczny DT, Fjaeldstad AW, Sandberg K.

PlosONE. 2023. Accepted.

· Olfactory training in long COVID-19 patients with lasting symptoms including olfactory dysfunction"

Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T, Stankevice D, Ovesen T.

DMJ. 2023. Feb 21;70(3):A09220568.

· [Frequent reversible causes to deteriorised or lost olfactory or gustatory function]"

Hvidt K, Fjaeldstad AW, Petersen KB.

Ugeskrift for Læger. 2023. Feb 20;185(8):V05220350.

· “Long-term COVID-19 smell and taste disorders differ significantly from other post-infectious cases”

Stankevice D, Fjaeldstad AW, Agergaard J & Ovesen T.

Laryngoscope. 2023.133(1):169-174.doi: 10.1002/lary.30453


 ·  “Recovery from three years of daily olfactory distortions after short-term treatment with GABA-analogue"

Fjaeldstad AW. 

ORL. 2022. 5;1-4.doi: 10.1159/000526211.

· “Development and psychometric validation of the Taste And Smell Tool for Evaluation (TASTE) questionnaire”

Niklassen AS, Christensen KB, Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T. 

 JAMA Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery. 2022. 148(12):1164-1172. doi: 10.1001/jamaoto.2022.3392.

·  “Chemosensory function and food preferences among haemodialysis patients”

Madsen A, Danielsen LMA, Niklassen AS, Hald M, Fjaeldstad AW, Bech JN, Ovesen T.

Dan Med J 2022. 69(11):A08210644.

·  “Recovery Rates and Parosmia in Olfactory Loss during the COVID-19 era”

Schwab J, Fjaeldstad AW. 

DMJ. 2022. 69(9):A04220271.

·  “The relationship between individual significance of olfaction and measured olfactory function"

Fjaeldstad AW, Konieczny DT, Fernandes HM, Gaini L, Vejlø M, Sandberg K. 

Current Research in Behavioral Sciences. 2022. 3;100076.

·  “The Effects of Olfactory Loss and Parosmia on Food and Cooking Habits, Sensory Awareness, and Quality of Life—A Possible Avenue for Regaining Enjoyment of Food”

Fjaeldstad AW, Smith B. 

Foods 2022. 11, 1686.

·  “Future directions for chemosensory connectomes: best practices and specific challenges".

Veldhuizen MG, Cecchetto C, Fjaeldstad AW, Farruggia MC, Hartig R, Pellegrino R, Yeung AWK, Fischmeister FP. 

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2022, May 30;16:885304.

·  “Danish Validation of a Retronasal Olfactory Powder Test and Development of a Novel Quick Retronasal Olfactory Test"

Niklassen AS, Sakthivel S, Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T. 

IAO. 2022 Feb 22. DOI: 10.1055/s-0041-1740597.

· “Forstyrrelse af lugtesansen ved COVID-19 – udredning og behandlingsmuligheder”

Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T.

Aktuel Nordisk Odontologi. 2022 Jan 3;(47)1:4-15.


· “Cortical atrophy, white matter lesions, and bulb configuration in patients with idiopathic olfactory loss and other causes of olfactory loss”

Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T, Dalby RB.

ORL. 2021 Dec 8;1-9. doi: 10.1159/000520567.

· “Effects of acoustic fMRI-noise on taste identification, liking, and intensity”

Lorentzen KL, Nørgaard HJ, Thrane JF, Fjaeldstad AW.

Current Research in Behavioral Sciences. Vol 2,Nov 2021, 1000542021.

· “Olfactory groove meningioma with a 10-year history of smell loss and olfactory recovery after surgery”

Niklassen AS, Jørgensen RL & Fjaeldstad AW., 

BMJ Case Reports. 2021. 14(8):e244145. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2021-244145.

· “Incidence and duration of self-reported hearing loss and tinnitus in a cohort of COVID-19 patients with sudden chemosensory loss: A

STROBE observational study”.

Thrane JF, Britze A & Fjaeldstad AW., 

European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology. 2021. 139(3):125-128. doi: 10.1016/j.anorl.2021.07.012.

· “Validation of olfactory network based on brain structural connectivity and its association with olfactory test scores”

Fjaeldstad AW, Stiller-Stut F, Gleesborg C, Kringelbach ML, Hummel T & Fernandes HM.

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2021.15:638053. doi: 10.3389/fnsys.2021.638053.

· “Sustained Chemosensory Dysfunction During the COVID-19 Pandemic”

Schwab J, Jensen CD & Fjaeldstad AW.

ORL. 2021. 83:209–218

· “Systemic corticosteroids in coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related smell dysfunction: an international view”

Huart C, Philpott CM, Altundag A, Fjaeldstad AW et al.

International Forum of Allergy & Rhinology. 2021. 1041-1046. doi: 10.1002/alr.22788.

· “COVID-19: Recovery from Chemosensory Dysfunction. A Multicentre study on Smell and Taste.”

Niklassen AS, Draf J, Huart C et al.

Laryngoscope. 2021 May;131(5):1095-1100. doi: 10.1002/lary.29383

· “The association between halitosis and chemosensory disorders: a systematic review”.

Cassiano L, Leite FRM, Lopez R, Fjaeldstad AW & Nascimento G.

Oral Diseases. 2021 Mar 4. doi: 10.1111/odi.13823

· “Isolated taste disorders in patients referred to a flavour clinic with taste and smell loss”

Stankevice D, Fjaeldstad AW & Ovesen T.

Brain and Behavior. 2021. DOI: 10.1002/brb3.2071.

· “Food preferences, food neophobia and chemosensation among adolescents with ADHD”

Stankovic J, Thomsen PH & Ovesen T.

Acta Paediatrica. 2021. DOI: 10.1111/apa.15790.

· “Is perceptual learning generalisable in the chemical senses? A longitudinal pilot study based on a naturalistic blind wine tasting training scenario”.

Wang QJ, Fernandes HM & Fjaeldstad AW.

Chem. Percept. 2021.

· “Clinical Olfactory Working Group Consensus Statement on the Treatment of Post Infectious Olfactory Dysfunction”.

Addison A, Wong B, … Fjaeldstad AW, …, Hummel T & Philpott CM.

The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 2021. Jan 13:S0091-6749(21)00004-X. doi:10.1016/j.jaci.2020.12.641. Epub ahead of print.

· “Differences in correlation between subjective and measured olfactory and gustatory dysfunction after initial ENT evaluation”

Nørgaard HJ, Fjaeldstad AW. International

Archives of Otorhinolaryngology. 2021. DOI: 10.1055/s-0040-1722249.


· “Recent smell loss is the best predictor of COVID-19 among individuals with recent respiratory symptoms”.

Gerkin RC, Ohla K, Veldhuizen MG, … Fjaeldstad AW, …, Parma V.

Chemical Senses. 2020; bjaa081.

· “Greater hippocampal gray matter volume in subjective hyperosmia: a voxel – based morphometry study”

Han P, Stiller-Stut FP, Fjaeldstad AW, Hummel T. Scientific Reports, 10(1):18869. (2020).

· “Anosmia as The Only Symptom of Meningioma”

Stankevice D, Ovesen T.

Frontiers Med Case Rep. 2020;1(6):1-3.

· “[Smell and taste loss in COVID-19]”

Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T.

Ugeskr. Laeger. 2020;182:V06200442.

· “Characterisation of patients with idiopathic olfactory dysfunction and plan for clinical follow up”

Hald MO, Fjaeldstad AW, Kjær S, Ovesen T.

Danish Medical Journal. 2020;67(X):A06200421.

· “Prolonged complaints of chemosensory loss after COVID-19”

Fjaeldstad AW.

Danish Medical Journal. 2020;67(8):A05200340.

· “More than smell – COVID-19 is associated with severe impairment of smell, taste, and chemesthesis”

Parma V, Ohla K, Veldhuizen MG, …Fjaeldstad AW, et al.

Chemical Senses. 2020;bjaa041.

· “Positive association between bitter taste threshold of bitter tastes and preference of vegetables among adolescents ”

Hald M, Onat M, Stankovic J, Niklassen A, Ovesen T.

Acta Paediatrica. 2020. DOI: 10.1111/apa.15483.

· “Chemosensory sensitivity after coffee consumption is not static: Short term effects on gustatory and olfactory sensitivity in humans”

Fjaeldstad AW, Fernandes HM.

Foods. 2020; 9(4), 493.

· “COVID-19 anosmia”

Ovesen T.

Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen. 2020; 140(7):10.4045/tidsskr.20.0302.

· “[Anosmia and ageusia as primary symptoms of COVID-19]”

Haldrup M, Johansen MI, Fjaeldstad AW.

Ugeskr Laeger. 2020;182:V11190663.

· “The association between smoking on olfactory dysfunction in 3.900 patients with olfactory loss”

Fjaeldstad AW, Ovesen T, Hummel T.

Laryngoscope. 2020. doi: 10.1002/lary.28552.

· “Patients and experiences from the first Danish flavour clinic”

Fjaeldstad AW, Stankovic J, Onat M, Stankevice D, Ovesen T.

Danish Medical Journal. 2020. 67(4)):A09190495.


· “The impact of acoustic fMRI-noise on olfactory sensitivity and perception”

Fjaeldstad AW, Nørgaard HJ, Fernandes HM.

Neuroscience. 2019. 406(2019)262–267.


· “Re-test reliability of gustatory testing and introduction of the sensitive Taste-Drop-Test”

Fjaeldstad AW, Niklassen A, Fernandes HM.

Chemical Senses. 2018. bjy019.

· ”[The sense of taste in a clinical setting]”.

Fjaeldstad AW, Fernandes HM, van Nyengaard JR & Ovesen T.

Ugeskr Laeger. 2018. 180(18):V08170627.

· ”Neural responses during the anticipation and receipt of olfactory reward and punishment in human”

Zou L., Zhou H., Zhuang Y., van Hartevelt T.J., Liu S.S.Y, Cheung E.F.C., Moeller A., Kringelbach M.L. & Chan R.C.K.

Neuropsychologia, 111:172-179. 2018.

· ”Testing olfactory function and mapping the structural olfactory networks in the brain”.

Fjaeldstad AW.

Danish Medical Journal. 2018;65(1). pii: B5428.


· ”Brain fingerprints of olfaction: a novel structural method for assessing olfactory cortical networks in health and disease”.

Fjaeldstad A, Fernandes HM, van Hartevelt TJ, Gleesborg C, Møller A, Ovesen T & Kringelbach ML.

Scientific Reports. 2017; 7, 42534; doi: 10.1038/srep42534.

· “Single or Multi-Frequency Generators in On-going MEG Data: a Mechanistic Whole-Brain Model of empirical MEG data”.

Deco G, Cabral J, Woolrich M, Stevner ABA, Van Hartevelt TJ & Kringelbach ML.

BioRxiv, 084103. Neuroimage. 2017; 152: 538-550.

· ”Considering chemical resemblance: A possible confounder in olfactory identification tests”.

Fjaeldstad A, Petersen MA & Ovesen T.

Chemosens Percep. 2017; 10(1), 42-48.

· ”Odour familiarity and identification abilities in adolescents”.

Fjaeldstad A, Sundbøll J, Niklassen A & Ovesen T.

Chem. Sens. 2017; 42 (3): 239-246; doi: 10.1093/chemse/bjw125.

· ”Danish validation of sniffin’ sticks olfactory test for threshold, discrimination, and identification”.

Niklassen A, Ovesen T, Fernandes H & Fjaeldstad A.

Laryngoscope. 2017; doi: 10.1002/lary.27052.


· “The neural mechanism of olfactory hedonic processing and judgement: An ALE meta-analysis”.

Zou L, van Hartevelt TJ, Kringelbach ML, Cheung EFC & Chan RCK.

Neuropsychology. 2016; 30(8):970-979

· “Insights into brain architectures from the homological scaffolds of functional connectivity networks”.

Lord LD, Expert P, Fernandes HM, Petri G, Van Hartevelt TJ, Turkheimer FE & Kringelbach ML.

Frontiers in Systems Neuroscience. 2016; 10:85.

· ”Pleasure of food in the brain”.

Fjaeldstad A, Van-Hartevelt TJ & Kringelbach ML.

Chapter in ‘Multisensory Flavour Perception’, 1st Ed. (Spence, C. & Piqueras-Fiszman, B., eds), Elsevier, pp.2016; 211-234.

2015 and ealier work

· “Pleasure systems in the brain”.

Berridge KC & Kringelbach ML.

Neuron. 2015; 86:646-664.

· “The pleasure of food: underlying brain mechanisms of eating and other pleasures”.

Kringelbach ML.

Flavour. 2015; 4:20.

· ”Olfactory screening: Validation of Sniffin’ Sticks in Denmark”.

Fjaeldstad A, Kjaergaard T, Van-Hartevelt TJ, Kringelbach ML & Ovesen T.

Clin Otolaryngology. 2015; doi: 10.1111/coa.12405.

· ”Lugtesansen har stor klinisk relevans”.

Fjældstad A, Clausen C, Kjaergaard T & Ovesen T.

Ugeskr Laeger. 2015;177:V04130252.

· “Neuroscience of affect: Brain mechanisms of pleasure and displeasure”.

Berridge KC & Kringelbach ML.

Current Opinion in Neurobiology. 2013; 23(3):294-303. doi:10.1016/j.conb.2013.01.017.

· “The functional human neuroanatomy of food pleasure cycles”.

Kringelbach ML, Stein A & Van Hartevelt TJ.

Physiology and Behaviour. 2012;106:307-316.

· “The olfactory system”.

Van Hartevelt TJ & Kringelbach ML.

Chapter in The Human Nervous System. 3rd Ed. (Mai, J. & Paxinos, G., eds), Elsevier, pp. 2012; 1219-1238.

· “The joyful mind”.

Kringelbach ML & Berridge KC.

Scientific American. 2012; 307(2):40-45.

· “Cortical mechanisms of human eating”.

Kringelbach ML & Stein A.

Forum Nutr. 2010;63: 164-175.

· “Affective neuroscience of pleasure: Reward in humans and animals”.

Berridge KC & Kringelbach ML.

Psychopharmacology. 2008; 199, 457-480.

· “Cortical systems involved in appetite and food consumption”.

Kringelbach ML.

Chapter in Appetite and body weight: integrative systems and the development of anti-obesity drugs (Cooper SJ & Kirkham T.C, eds) London: Elsevier, pp. 2006; 5-26.

· “The human orbitofrontal cortex: linking reward to hedonic experience”.

Kringelbach ML.

Nature Reviews Neuroscience. 2005; 6:691-702.

· “Food for thought: hedonic experience beyond homeostasis in the human brain”.

Kringelbach ML.

Neuroscience. 2004; 126:807-819.

· “Taste-related activity in the human dorsolateral prefrontal cortex”.

Kringelbach ML, de Araujo IET & Rolls ET.

Neuroimage. 2004; 21(2):781-788.

· “Activation of the human orbitofrontal cortex to a liquid food stimulus is correlated with its subjective pleasantness”.

Kringelbach ML, O’Doherty J, Rolls ET & Andrews C.

Cerebral Cortex. 2003; 13(10): 1064-1071.

· “Taste-olfactory convergence, and the representation of the pleasantness of flavour, in the human brain”.

De Araujo IET, Rolls ET, Kringelbach ML, McGlone F & Phillips N.

European Journal of Neuroscience. 2003; 18:2059-2068.

· “Human cortical responses to water in the mouth, and the effects of thirst”.

De Araujo IET, Kringelbach ML, Rolls ET & McGlone, F.

Journal of Neurophysiology. 2003; 90: 1865-1876.

· “The representation of umami taste in the human brain”.

De Araujo IET, Kringelbach ML, Rolls ET & Hobden, P.

Journal of Neurophysiology. 2003; 90:313-319.

· “Different representations of pleasant and unpleasant odours in the human brain”.

Rolls ET, Kringelbach ML & de Araujo IET.

European Journal of Neuroscience. 2003; 18:695-703.

Validated Danish



Sniffin' Sticks SIT16 Danish


Sniffin' Sticks SIT12 Danish


Olfactory MRI


Olfactory cortical network template

-Olfactory cortical template for structural and functional neuroimaging (.nii)